In 1839, Legrand made his debut at the Funambules as the lover Leander in the pantomimes, and when he began appearing as Pierrot, in 1845, he brought a new sensibility to the character.  This will be the home, beginning in 1816, of Jean-Gaspard Deburau (1796–1846), the most famous Pierrot in the history of the theater, immortalized by Jean-Louis Barrault in Marcel Carné's film Children of Paradise (1945). For posters by Willette, Chéret, and many other late nineteenth-century artists, see Maindron. Suele ir maquillado de blanco y con un disfraz claro y brillante a juego con una gran gorguera. Pierrot Labat, Les Gammes Du Football. It has led, among other things, to ensemble groups' appropriating Pierrot's name, such as the English Pierrot Players (1967–70), and to a number of projects—such as the Schoenberg Institute's of 1987 and the composer Roger Marsh's of 2001-2002—that have been devised to pay homage to Schoenberg and, at the same time, to extend his avant-garde reach, thereby bringing both Hartleben's and Giraud's complete cycles to full musical fruition. In the realm of song, Claude Debussy set both Verlaine's "Pantomime" and Banville's "Pierrot" (1842) to music in 1881 (not published until 1926)—the only precedents among works by major composers being the "Pierrot" section of Telemann's Burlesque Overture (1717–22), Mozart's 1783 "Masquerade" (in which Mozart himself took the role of Harlequin and his brother-in-law, Joseph Lange, that of Pierrot), and the "Pierrot" section of Robert Schumann's Carnival (1835). 2,5 mil Me gusta. Pierrot (wd), a középkori vásári színház (Commedia dell’arte) egyik állandó figurája Ez egy egyértelműsítő lap , a hasonló megnevezések közötti választást segíti elő. Dick, Daniella (2013). (From the mouth of Pierrot loquitur: "Although this pantomime of life is passing fine,/Who would be happy must not marry Columbine". In a more bourgeois vein, Ethel Wright painted Bonjour, Pierrot! And, of course, if the occasion warrants it, he will kick a lady in the rear—but only in extreme anger!. "Jean Gaspard Deburau: the immortal Pierrot."  Sometimes he spoke gibberish (in the so-called pièces à la muette); sometimes the audience itself sang his lines, inscribed on placards held aloft by hovering Cupids (in the pièces à écriteau).  And subsequent artistic/cultural movements found him equally amenable to their cause: the Decadents turned him, like themselves, into a disillusioned disciple of Schopenhauer, a foe of Woman and of callow idealism; the Symbolists saw him as a lonely fellow-sufferer, crucified upon the rood of soulful sensitivity, his only friend the distant moon; the Modernists converted him into a Whistlerian subject for canvases devoted to form and color and line. Ludwig Tieck's The Topsy-Turvy World (1798) is an early—and highly successful—example of the introduction of the commedia dell'arte characters into parodic metatheater.  In 1673, probably inspired by Molière's success, the Comédie-Italienne made its own contribution to the Don Juan legend with an Addendum to "The Stone Guest", which included Molière's Pierrot.  Among the works he produced were Marquis Pierrot (1847), which offers a plausible explanation for Pierrot's powdered face (he begins working-life as a miller's assistant), and the Pantomime of the Attorney (1865), which casts Pierrot in the prosaic role of an attorney's clerk. After this date, we hardly ever see him appear again except in old plays.". The Saltimbanques ), Pablo Picasso (Pierrot and Columbine ), Guillaume Seignac (Pierrot's Embrace ), and Édouard Vuillard (The Black Pierrot [c. 1890]). En su origen italiano, "Pedrolino", uno de los zanni (criados o siervos) secundarios, era, al igual que "Trivellino", un habilidoso bailarín y, como tal, fue interpretado por Giovanni Pellesini, actor de la compañía «Gelosi» (Los Celosos). A variant of the poem is entitled "To a Pierrette with Her Arm Around a Brass Vase as Tall as Herself." See Lawner; Kellein; also the plates in Palacio, and the plates and tailpieces in Storey's two books. ), In music, historians of Modernism generally place Arnold Schoenberg's 1912 song-cycle Pierrot lunaire at the very pinnacle of High-Modernist achievement. Much less well-known is the work of two other composers—Mario Pasquale Costa and Vittorio Monti. "Pierrot: a silent witness of changing times", The World Festival of Clowns in Yekaterinburg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pierrot&oldid=978202366, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. , With him [wrote the poet and journalist Théophile Gautier after Deburau's death], the role of Pierrot was widened, enlarged. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the  The formula has proven enduring: Pierrot is still a fixture at Bakken, the oldest amusement park in the world, where he plays the nitwit talking to and entertaining children, and at nearby Tivoli Gardens, the second oldest, where the Harlequin and Columbine act is performed as a pantomime and ballet. They originated in the Smethwick area in the late 1890s and played to large audiences in many parks, theaters, and pubs in the Midlands.  A feeble fighter, he spars mainly with his tongue—formerly in Creole or French Patois, when those dialects were common currency—as he circulates through the crowds. " Marcel Marceau's Bip seems a natural, if deliberate, outgrowth of these developments, walking, as he does, a concessionary line between the early fantastic domain of Deburau's Pierrot and the so-called realistic world. Although he lamented that "the Pierrot figure was inherently alien to the German-speaking world", the playwright Franz Blei introduced him enthusiastically into his playlet The Kissy-Face: A Columbiade (1895), and his fellow-Austrians Richard Specht and Richard Beer-Hofmann made an effort to naturalize Pierrot—in their plays Pierrot-Hunchback (1896) and Pierrot-Hypnotist (1892, first pub.  Obviously inspired by these troupes were the Will Morris Pierrots, named after their Birmingham founder. As for the drama, Pierrot was a regular fixture in the plays of the Little Theatre Movement (Edna St. Vincent Millay's Aria da Capo , Robert Emmons Rogers' Behind a Watteau Picture , Blanche Jennings Thompson's The Dream Maker ), which nourished the careers of such important Modernists as Eugene O'Neill, Susan Glaspell, and others. Students of Modernist painting and sculpture are familiar with Pierrot (in many different attitudes, from the ineffably sad to the ebulliently impudent) through the masterworks of his acolytes, including Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Georges Rouault, Salvador Dalí, Max Beckmann, August Macke, Paul Klee, Jacques Lipchitz—the list is very long (see Visual arts below). | Their countryman the poet Albert Giraud also identified intensely with the zanni: the fifty rondels of his Pierrot lunaire (Moonstruck Pierrot ) would inspire several generations of composers (see Pierrot lunaire below), and his verse-play Pierrot-Narcissus (1887) offered a definitive portrait of the solipsistic poet-dreamer. In the 1880s and 1890s, the pantomime reached a kind of apogee, and Pierrot became ubiquitous. The appeal of the mask seems to have been the same that drew Craig to the "Über-Marionette": the sense that Pierrot was a symbolic embodiment of an aspect of the spiritual life—Craig invokes William Blake—and in no way a vehicle of "blunt" materialistic Realism. Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon DVD & Blu-ray Releases Release Calendar Movie News India Movie Spotlight. The pantomime under "review" was Gautier's own fabrication (though it inspired a hack to turn it into an actual pantomime, The Ol’ Clo's Man , in which Deburau probably appeared—and also inspired Barrault's wonderful recreation of it in Children of Paradise). Marsh, Roger (2007a). The pantomime is summarized and analyzed by Storey. On the Folies-Nouvelles, Legrand's pantomime, and Champfleury's relationship to both, see Storey. These developments occurred in 1707 and 1708, respectively; see Bonnassies. Antoine Galland's final volume of The Thousand and One Nights had appeared in 1717, and in the plots of these tales Lesage and his collaborators found inspiration, both exotic and (more importantly) coherent, for new plays. Parfaict, François and Claude, and Godin d'Abguerbe (1767). It looks like we don't have any Biography for Pierrot Labat yet.. Be the first to contribute! Most importantly, the character of his Pierrot, as it evolved gradually through the 1820s, eventually parted company almost completely with the crude Pierrots—timid, sexless, lazy, and greedy—of the earlier pantomime. , Debureau estableció las características que, en adelante, definirían la iconografía del Pierrot, también llamado "payaso Blanco", "Carablanca", "Enharinado" y "Listo". Pierrot Labat. Legrand left the Funambules in 1853 for what was to become his chief venue, the Folies-Nouvelles, which attracted the fashionable and artistic set, unlike the Funambules’ working-class children of paradise. In a similarly (and paradoxically) revealing spirit, the painter Paul Hoecker put cheeky young men into Pierrot costumes to ape their complacent burgher elders, smoking their pipes (Pierrots with Pipes [c. 1900]) and swilling their champagne (Waiting Woman [c. 1895]). In this section, with the exception of productions by the Ballets Russes (which will be listed alphabetically by title) and of musical settings of Pierrot lunaire (which will be discussed under a separate heading), all works are identified by artist; all artists are grouped by nationality, then listed alphabetically. "'Marked you that? Pierrot es un personaje de la Comédie Italienne, a partir de Pierotto o Pedrolino, máscara secundaria de la Commedia dell'Arte del siglo XVI, cuya personalidad se atribuye al cómico Giuseppe Giratoni en el siglo XVII. Be the first to contribute!  (The American poet William Theodore Peters, who commissioned Dowson's piece and would play Pierrot in its premiere, published a poetic "Epilogue" for it in 1896, and the composer Sir Granville Bantock would later contribute an orchestral prologue .) In 1891, the singer and banjoist Clifford Essex, inspired by Michel Carré fils' pantomime L'Enfant prodigue (Pierrot the Prodigal ), which he had seen at the Prince of Wales' Theatre in London, resolved to create a troupe of English Pierrot entertainers. It was doubtless these popular entertainers who inspired the academic Walter Westley Russell to commit The Pierrots (c. 1900) to canvas. (Pierrot is a member of the audience watching the play.). However, his most important contribution to the Pierrot canon was not to appear until after the turn of the century (see Plays, playlets, pantomimes, and revues below).  Pierrot Grenade, on the other hand, whose name suggests descent from the humble island of Grenada (and who seems to have evolved as a hick cousin of his namesake), dresses in ragged strips of colored cloth, sometimes adorned with cheap trinkets; he has little truck with English culture, but displays his talents (when not singing and dancing) in speechifying upon issues of the day and spelling long words in ingenious ways. ) It was in part through the enthusiasm that they excited, coupled with the Impressionists’ taste for popular entertainment, like the circus and the music-hall, as well as the new bohemianism that then reigned in artistic quarters like Montmartre (and which was celebrated by such denizens as Adolphe Willette, whose cartoons and canvases are crowded with Pierrots)—it was through all this that Pierrot achieved almost unprecedented currency and visibility towards the end of the century. Not only actors but also acrobats and dancers were quick to seize on his role, inadvertently reducing Pierrot to a generic type. The Pierrot bequeathed to the twentieth century had acquired a rich and wide range of personae. Multiple works by artists are listed chronologically. The format of the lists that follow is the same as that of the previous section, except for the Western pop-music singers and groups. Mic claims that an historical connection between Pedrolino and "the celebrated Pierrots of [Adolphe] Willette" is "absolutely evident" (p. 211). A more long-lasting development occurred in Denmark. And the Pierrot of popular taste also spawned a uniquely English entertainment. On the French players in England, and particularly on Pierrot in early English entertainments, see Storey. A mime whose talents were dramatic rather than acrobatic, Legrand helped steer the pantomime away from the old fabulous and knockabout world of fairy-land and into the realm of sentimental—often tearful—realism.  But the character seems to have been regarded as unimportant by this company, since he appears infrequently in its new plays. , Deburau's son, Jean-Charles (or, as he preferred, "Charles" [1829–1873]), assumed Pierrot's blouse the year after his father's death, and he was praised for bringing Baptiste's agility to the role. One of the gadflies of Aestheticism, W. S. Gilbert, introduced Harlequin and Pierrot as love-struck twin brothers into Eyes and No Eyes, or The Art of Seeing (1875), for which Thomas German Reed wrote the music.  Thereafter the character—sometimes a peasant, but more often now an Italianate "second" zanni—appeared fairly regularly in the Italians’ offerings, his role always taken by one Giuseppe Giaratone (or Geratoni, fl. .  Even the embryonic art of the motion picture turned to Pierrot before the century was out: he appeared, not only in early celluloid shorts (Georges Méliès's The Nightmare , The Magician ; Alice Guy's Arrival of Pierrette and Pierrot , Pierrette's Amorous Adventures ; Ambroise-François Parnaland's Pierrot's Big Head/Pierrot's Tongue , Pierrot-Drinker ), but also in Emile Reynaud's Praxinoscope production of Poor Pierrot (1892), the first animated movie and the first hand-colored one.  Moreover, he acquired a counterpart, Pierrette, who rivaled Columbine for his affections. In that year, Gautier, drawing upon Deburau's newly acquired audacity as a Pierrot, as well as upon the Romantics’ store of Shakespearean plots and of Don-Juanesque legend, published a "review" of a pantomime he claimed to have seen at the Funambules.  It was also in the 1720s that Alexis Piron loaned his talents to the Foires, and in plays like Trophonius's Cave (1722) and The Golden Ass (1725), one meets the same engaging Pierrot of Giaratone's creation. Chaplin alleges to have told Mack Sennett, after first having assumed the character, You know, this fellow is many-sided, a tramp, a gentleman, a poet, a dreamer, a lonely fellow, always hopeful of romance and adventure.  He acquires there a very distinctive personality. But the pantomime that had the greatest appeal to his public was the "pantomime-arlequinade-féerie", sometimes "in the English style" (i.e., with a prologue in which characters were transformed into the commedia types). Baptiste's Pierrot was both a fool and no fool; he was Cassandre's valet but no one's servant. Esta página se editó por última vez el 28 jul 2020 a las 16:26. Menu. "The Translations." " But Pierrot's triumph was short-lived. An important factor that probably hastened his degeneration was the multiplicity of his fairground interpreters. His character in contemporary popular culture—in poetry, fiction, and the visual arts, as well as works for the stage, screen, and concert hall—is that of the sad clown, pining for love of Columbine, who usually breaks his heart and leaves him for Harlequin. Nye, Edward (2015-2016): "The romantic myth of Jean-Gaspard Deburau".  Sarah Bernhardt even donned Pierrot's blouse for Jean Richepin's Pierrot the Murderer (1883).  So uncustomary was the French Aesthetic viewpoint that, when Pierrot made an appearance in Pierrot the Painter (1893), a pantomime by Alfred Thompson, set to music by the American composer Laura Sedgwick Collins, The New York Times covered it as an event, even though it was only a student production. "'A multicoloured alphabet': rediscovering Albert Giraud's. On late nineteenth-/early twentieth-century French pantomime, see Bonnet; Martinez; Storey. It ended by occupying the entire piece, and, be it said with all the respect due to the memory of the most perfect actor who ever lived, by departing entirely from its origin and being denaturalized. "Magic century of French mime". 110, 111. He is sometimes said to be a French variant of the sixteenth-century Italian Pedrolino, but the two types have little but their names ("Little Pete") and social stations in common. " And yet the Pierrot of that species was gaining a foothold elsewhere. 1937), he retained the scene of Lulu's meretricious pierroting. "Posies out of rings, and other conceits", "Behind a Watteau picture; a fantasy in verse, in one act", "The maker of dreams; a fantasy in one act", "The only legend : a masque of the Scarlet Pierrot", "Earth Deities, and Other Rhythmic Masques", http://nerdist.com/puddles-the-clown-and-postmodern-jukebox-cover-blink-182s-all-the-small-things/, "First eight premieres of 'Pierrot Project'", "'Pierrot' sequels via Schoenberg Institute", "Nine premieres in third 'Pierrot Project' concert", "Final installment of Pierrot Project at USC".  Vsevolod Meyerhold, who both directed the first production and took on the role, dramatically emphasized the multifacetedness of the character: according to one spectator, Meyerhold's Pierrot was "nothing like those familiar, falsely sugary, whining Pierrots. ) Legrand often appeared in realistic costume, his chalky face his only concession to tradition, leading some advocates of pantomime, like Gautier, to lament that he was betraying the character of the type.. It did so in 1800, when "Joey" Grimaldi made his celebrated debut in the role.. His role was uncomplicated: Delpini, according to the popular theater historian, M. Willson Disher, "kept strictly to the idea of a creature so stupid as to think that if he raised his leg level with his shoulder he could use it as a gun.  Columbine laughs at his advances; his masters who are in pursuit of pretty young wives brush off his warnings to act their age. Thereafter, until the end of the century, Pierrot appeared fairly regularly in English pantomimes (which were originally mute harlequinades but later evolved into the Christmas pantomimes of today; in the nineteenth century, the harlequinade was presented as a "play within a play" during the pantomime), finding his most notable interpreter in Carlo Delpini (1740–1828). Stock character of pantomime and Commedia dell'Arte, Pantomime of Deburau at the Théâtre des Funambules, "Shakespeare at the Funambules" and aftermath, Pantomime after Baptiste: Charles Deburau, Paul Legrand, and their successors, Pantomime and late nineteenth-century art, Early twentieth century (1901–1950): notable works, Late twentieth/early twenty-first centuries (1951– ): notable works, Plays, pantomimes, variety shows, circus, and dance, Janin called Deburau's Pierrot "the people among the people" (, On Pierrot in the art of the Decadents and Symbolists, see, For studies of the relationship between modern artists and clowns in general, see Régnier, Ritter, and, Sand, Duchartre, and Oreglia see a close family resemblance between—if not an interchangeability of—both characters. Movies. For an exhaustive account of the Hanlons' appearances in America (and elsewhere), see Mark Cosdon. Sometimes he appears with a frilled collaret and a hat, usually with a close-fitting crown and wide round brim, more rarely with a conical shape like a dunce's cap. Ha valamelyik cikkből kerültél ide, arra kérünk, lépj vissza, és pontosítsd benne a hivatkozást , hogy ne erre az egyértelműsítő lapra, hanem közvetlenül a kívánt jelentésre mutasson! Thus were born the seaside Pierrots (in conical hats and sometimes black or colored costume) who, as late as the 1950s, sang, danced, juggled, and joked on the piers of Brighton and Margate and Blackpool. On these pantomimes and on late nineteenth-century French pantomime in general, see Storey. Adopting the stage-name "Baptiste", Deburau, from the year 1825, became the Funambules' sole actor to play Pierrot in several types of comic pantomime—rustic, melodramatic, "realistic", and fantastic. These are listed alphabetically by first name, not last (e.g., "Stevie Wonder", not "Wonder, Stevie"). TV Shows.  Not until the first decade of the next century, when the great (and popular) fantasist Maxfield Parrish worked his magic on the figure, would Pierrot be comfortably naturalized in America. In 1842, Deburau was inadvertently responsible for translating Pierrot into the realm of tragic myth, heralding the isolated and doomed figure—often the fin-de-siècle artist's alter-ego—of Decadent, Symbolist, and early Modernist art and literature. ), Canio's Pagliaccio in the famous opera (1892) by Leoncavallo is close enough to a Pierrot to deserve a mention here.  In short, Pierrot became an alter-ego of the artist, specifically of the famously alienated artist of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Pierrot, in an unprecedentedly tragic turn of events, dies from the wound. yet.  For the Spanish-speaking world, according to scholar Emilio Peral Vega, Couto "expresses that first manifestation of Pierrot as an alter ego in a game of symbolic otherness ...". Séverin (Séverin Cafferra, called) (1929). One of his earliest appearances was in Alexander Blok's The Puppet Show (1906), called by one theater-historian "the greatest example of the harlequinade in Russia". It was a generally buffoonish Pierrot that held the European stage for the first two centuries of his history. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata Pierre Labat , né en 1977 à Auray (Morbihan), est un artiste contemporain dont le travail se compose principalement de sculptures minimales qui remettent en cause notre vision de l' espace environnant. It also contains a short tale of Pierrot by Paul Leclercq, "A Story in White". Pierrot played a seminal role in the emergence of Modernism in the arts. , As the Gautier citations suggest, Deburau early—about 1828—caught the attention of the Romantics, and soon he was being celebrated in the reviews of Charles Nodier and Gautier, in an article by Charles Baudelaire on "The Essence of Laughter" (1855), and in the poetry of Théodore de Banville. A Clown's Christmas (1900), was written by Fernand Beissier, one of the founders of the Cercle Funambulesque.